Texas flagAs we previously reported, the Texas legislature has been considering two bills directed at addressing consumer privacy. Those bills were proposed in the wake of last year’s enactment of the California Consumer Privacy Act.

On May 7, 2019, the Texas House voted overwhelmingly to pass one of those bills – HB 4390 – however, the version it passed was significantly amended and will no longer provide any privacy rights to Texas residents.


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In 2016, the U.S. Supreme Court in Spokeo, Inc. v. Robins, provided a potentially powerful Article III standing defense under F.R.Civ.P. 12(b)(1) seemingly applicable to a variety of privacy claims, including FCRA, FACTA, TCPA, and FDCPA statutory damage claims. The Court noted for a plaintiff to establish standing to sue in federal court, she must establish an “injury in fact” consisting of an invasion of a legally protected interest, which is both particularized and concrete.

Spokeo dealt with the “concrete” portion. To be concrete, an injury must be real but may also be intangible. Congress’ intent in creating a right is instructive, but not sufficient. Allegations of a bare procedural violation likely would not suffice to maintain standing. Some injuries create harm, others do not. Thanks for that.


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